In the last year or two, we’ve noticed a marked rise in the number of companies being asked for a deposit or bond to cover future VAT tax liabilities.

This strategy is being used in instances where HMRC believes there is a risk a company will not be able to pay its tax or duty on time. Once the security has been paid by a business, HMRC can use it to settle any unpaid tax liabilities in the future.


1. Understanding HMRC Security Bonds

HMRC security bonds are financial guarantees required by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC) from businesses deemed at risk of non-compliance with tax obligations. These bonds serve as a precautionary measure to safeguard future VAT and other tax revenues. The need for such security often arises in cases where businesses have a history of late payments or have faced insolvency issues.

When Are Security Bonds Required by HMRC?

The requirement for a security bond is typically triggered under conditions specified by the Value Added Tax Act 1994 and the Finance Act 2008. These laws empower HMRC to demand security from businesses that pose a significant risk of tax default. This includes new enterprises with directors who previously failed in tax compliance, as well as businesses that have undergone insolvency proceedings or substantial penalty accruals.

These bonds ensure that businesses prioritise their tax liabilities, thereby protecting government revenue and maintaining market fairness.

Businesses may be required to provide a security bond to HMRC based on criteria set out in the Value Added Tax Act 1994 and further amendments under the Finance Act 2008. Specifically, directors of companies with a history of serious tax defaults or insolvency are prime candidates for this requirement.

Understanding whether your business falls under these categories involves reviewing your past tax compliance records and any previous business failings related to tax payments.

How to Calculate Your Security Bond

The amount of the security bond HMRC demands varies, primarily dependent on the projected tax liability and the perceived risk level of the business. The calculation is based on an estimate of VAT and other potential tax liabilities for a forward-looking period, typically one year.

This approach ensures that the bond covers potential tax deficits, reflecting the government’s strategy to mitigate financial risks associated with tax arrears. It’s crucial for businesses to work with financial advisors or accountants who can provide accurate forecasts and help navigate these calculations effectively.

3. Procedures and Documentation

Submitting a security bond to HMRC is a multi-step process that begins with receiving a formal notice of the requirement. Businesses must then prepare to lodge the bond, which can be in the form of a direct cash deposit or a bond from an approved financial institution.

The submission process involves completing specific forms provided by HMRC, which detail the bond amount and terms of compliance. It’s essential to adhere strictly to the submission deadlines to avoid further penalties.

Documentation Required for HMRC Security Bonds

To ensure compliance, HMRC requires several documents when submitting a security bond. These include the official notification of the bond requirement, a detailed account statement showing the calculated bond amount, and any legal agreements pertaining to the bond arrangement.

Additional documentation may be required to substantiate the business’s current financial status and tax compliance history. This thorough documentation process helps HMRC assess the adequacy of the bond in covering potential tax liabilities.

4. Navigating HMRC Policies

Failing to provide a security bond when required by HMRC can result in significant consequences, including penalty charges and legal actions. Businesses might face restrictions on trading activities or could be subjected to more severe compliance checks. HMRC uses these measures to enforce tax law compliance and protect public revenue, underpinning the serious nature of these requirements.

Businesses have the right to appeal against a demand for a security bond. This process involves submitting a formal objection to HMRC, outlining the reasons why the bond should not be required.

Appeals must be lodged within 30 days of the initial notice. The tribunal’s decision can influence subsequent enforcement actions by HMRC. Understanding the appeal process is crucial for businesses to manage their legal obligations effectively and to challenge any perceived unfair treatment under the tax law framework.

5. Best Practices and Preventive Measures

To mitigate the risk of being required to provide an HMRC security bond, businesses should prioritize maintaining transparent and timely tax reporting and payment practices. Establishing a strong compliance framework that includes regular financial reviews and audits can help demonstrate reliability and solvency to HMRC, reducing the perceived risk.

Engaging with tax advisors for strategic planning can prevent situations that might trigger the need for a security bond.

Maintaining Compliance with HMRC Regulations

Consistent compliance with HMRC regulations not only involves meeting tax obligations on time but also understanding and adapting to changes in tax laws. Regular training for financial teams and the use of compliance software can improve accuracy in tax filings and payments.

Building a good relationship with HMRC through proactive communication and cooperation can also be beneficial, as it may provide more favourable terms in situations where issues do arise, helping to avoid severe penalties or the need for security bonds.

HMRC security bonds are critical tools for ensuring tax compliance from businesses perceived as high-risk due to previous financial issues. Understanding when these bonds are required and the processes involved is crucial for maintaining good standing with tax authorities. Adhering to the legal requirements can prevent significant financial penalties and disruptions to business operations.

How CompanyDebt Can Assist You

For businesses facing the prospect of providing a security bond, seeking expert advice can be invaluable. CompanyDebt can assist by offering tailored advice, helping with the preparation of necessary documentation, and guiding businesses through the HMRC compliance process. This support can simplify the complexities associated with tax obligations and mitigate the risk of adverse actions from HMRC.


Any UK business deemed at high risk of non-compliance with tax obligations may be required to provide a security bond. This typically includes businesses with a history of tax defaults or insolvency issues.

It is possible for a security bond requirement to be waived if a business can demonstrate improved financial stability and compliance with tax obligations. This requires a formal review and approval by HMRC.

HMRC accepts either cash deposits or surety bonds from approved financial institutions as security bonds. The choice depends on the business’s preferences and financial circumstances.

The processing time for a security bond can vary but generally takes several weeks. This period allows HMRC to review the submitted documents and the bond’s adequacy against the business’s tax liabilities.

If a business cannot afford the required security bond, it should contact HMRC to discuss possible payment arrangements or alternative compliance measures that might be acceptable.

Yes, failing to submit a security bond by the deadline can result in penalties, which include fines and possible legal actions, depending on the extent of the delay and the risk posed by the business.

HMRC reviews the necessity of an existing security bond typically every two years or when there is a significant change in the business’s financial status or tax compliance history.

Yes, significant changes in business structure, such as mergers, acquisitions, or leadership changes, can affect security bond obligations. Such changes should be reported to HMRC, which may reassess the bond requirements.

Company Debt provides assistance in negotiating with HMRC, offering services like preparing documentation, advising on compliance strategies, and representing businesses in discussions to ensure favorable terms and conditions for security bond requirements.