Pre-pack administration is a crucial tool in UK insolvency law, offering a swift and efficient means of rescuing financially distressed businesses.

This article delves into its processes, benefits, drawbacks, and the regulatory framework that governs it.

Pre Pack Administration

What is a Pre Pack Administration?

Pre-pack administration is a process in the UK where a company arranges to sell its assets or business to a buyer before appointing administrators. This is typically done when a company is insolvent but has valuable assets or operations that could be viable under new ownership. The process is arranged privately between the company directors and a prospective buyer, with the guidance of insolvency practitioners.

Understanding Pre-Pack Administration

Pre-pack administration can be a contentious process, primarily due to its potential lack of transparency and concerns about fairness to creditors. Often, the sale of assets or the business is made to the company’s current directors or stakeholders. This aspect can raise questions about the integrity of the transaction, particularly regarding whether the best possible deal for creditors was achieved.

The process, while legal and prevalent in the UK, is closely scrutinised to ensure that it is conducted fairly and in the best interests of all parties involved. The primary goal is to rescue a business that is in financial distress, maintaining its operations and preserving jobs. This method, however, must balance the needs of the company with the rights and interests of creditors, making it a complex area of insolvency law.

Pre-Pack Administration: Process

The process of pre-pack administration in the UK involves several key steps designed to ensure the quick and efficient sale of a company’s assets or business, often to mitigate the effects of insolvency. It is a structured process that requires careful planning and execution:

  1. Identification of Financial Distress: The process begins when a company recognises it is facing insolvency, unable to pay debts as they fall due, yet has viable business elements worth preserving.
  2. Engagement of Insolvency Practitioners: The company appoints insolvency practitioners (IPs) who advise on the viability of a pre-pack administration. These professionals assess the company’s situation and propose the best course of action.
  3. Valuation of Assets: The IPs conduct a thorough valuation of the company’s assets. This step is crucial for determining the fair market value of the assets to ensure creditors receive an equitable return.
  4. Marketing the Business: The IPs may discreetly market the business or its assets to potential buyers. This step is sensitive as the business is still operational and maintaining confidentiality is often key to preserving its value.
  5. Negotiation with Potential Buyers: Interested buyers, which might include the company’s existing management, submit their offers. The IPs evaluate these offers, aiming to secure the best deal for creditors.
  6. Preparation of the Pre-Pack Sale Agreement: Once a buyer is selected, a sale agreement is prepared. This agreement outlines the terms of the sale, including the assets to be purchased and the price.
  7. Appointment of Administrators and Completion of the Sale: The company formally enters into administration. The appointed administrators take control of the company and oversee the completion of the pre-pack sale. This step often occurs rapidly to minimise disruption to the business.
  8. Communication with Creditors: After the sale, creditors are informed about the administration and the pre-pack sale. They receive a detailed report explaining why this route was chosen and how it benefits all parties.
  9. Distribution of Proceeds: The proceeds from the sale are distributed to the creditors. Secured creditors are typically paid first, followed by preferential and then unsecured creditors.
  10. Closure or Continuation of the Business: Depending on the terms of the sale, the business may continue to operate under new ownership, or it might be closed down if only certain assets were sold.

Throughout this process, transparency and adherence to legal requirements are paramount. The IPs must ensure that the pre-pack administration is in the best interests of the creditors and that all actions are compliant with UK insolvency laws. This process aims to maximise returns to creditors while preserving the underlying business value and protecting jobs.

Pros and Cons of Pre-packaged Administration


  1. Job Security for Employees: Pre-pack administration helps keep employees in their jobs, offering stability during the transition.
  2. Quick Arrangement: This process can be set up quickly, reducing the time the business is in limbo.
  3. Continuity for Suppliers and Customers: It ensures business goes on as usual for suppliers and customers, maintaining important relationships.
  4. Debt Isolation: The old company’s debts are contained, allowing the new company to start without these financial burdens.
  5. Cost-Effective: Generally, pre-pack administration is cheaper than going through a full administration process.
  6. Less Publicity: This approach usually attracts less attention, helping to maintain the business’s reputation.
  7. Speed of the Process: The rapid nature of pre-pack administration helps resolve uncertainty for everyone involved more quickly.


  1. Valuation Disputes: Creditors might disagree with how the business is valued, feeling their interests are undervalued.
  2. Overlooked Due Diligence: In a rapid sale, especially to a third party, there’s a risk of not conducting thorough due diligence, which might overlook critical issues.
  3. Creditor Concerns: Without a court process, creditors, especially unsecured ones, may feel their interests are ignored. They’re often informed late in the process, leading to dissatisfaction.
  4. Risk of Repeat Mistakes: If the same directors who managed the struggling company buy it back, they might repeat past mistakes. Although this is being addressed in new laws, it remains a concern.
  5. Reputation Risks: Suppliers and others might view the process negatively if they believe proper procedures weren’t followed, affecting the company’s reputation.
  6. Complex Financing: Getting finance for a pre-pack can be difficult and may not always succeed, posing a significant hurdle.
  7. Contractual Challenges: There’s no guarantee that contracts with suppliers and customers will continue as before. They might not agree to the same terms with the new business, leading to potential disruptions.

What’s the Role of Insolvency Practitioners in a Pre Pack Administration?

Insolvency practitioners (IPs) play a pivotal role in pre-pack administration, a rescue procedure designed to swiftly sell a company’s assets or business before it formally enters insolvency. IPs act as independent advisors and facilitators, guiding the company through the complexities of this process while safeguarding the interests of all stakeholders.

  1. Assessing Financial Viability: IPs conduct a thorough assessment of the company’s financial situation to determine if pre-pack administration is a viable option. They analyze the company’s assets, liabilities, cash flow, and overall financial health to make an informed decision.
  2. Devising a Pre-Pack Strategy: If pre-pack administration is deemed suitable, IPs develop a comprehensive strategy tailored to the specific circumstances of the company. This strategy outlines the steps involved in the pre-pack process, including marketing the business, negotiating with potential buyers, and structuring the sale agreement.
  3. Valuing Assets: IPs meticulously assess the fair market value of the company’s assets. This valuation serves as the basis for negotiating the sale price and ensures that creditors receive an equitable return on their investments.
  4. Marketing the Business: IPs discreetly market the business or its assets to potential buyers, maintaining confidentiality to protect the company’s reputation and value. They may use various channels to reach potential buyers, such as direct contacts, industry networks, or professional intermediaries.
  5. Negotiating with Potential Buyers: IPs evaluate the proposals submitted by interested buyers, prioritizing the interests of creditors in securing the most favorable deal. They consider factors such as the proposed sale price, the buyer’s financial capacity, and the overall viability of the sale plan.
  6. Drafting the Pre-Pack Sale Agreement: Upon selecting a buyer, IPs draft a comprehensive sale agreement. This agreement clearly outlines the terms of the sale, including the assets to be transferred, the negotiated price, the payment terms, and the conditions for completion.
  7. Facilitating the Sale: IPs facilitate the completion of the pre-pack sale, ensuring a smooth transition of the business or assets to the new owner. They coordinate with relevant parties, such as lawyers, accountants, and regulatory bodies, to finalize the sale process.
  8. Communicating with Creditors: IPs maintain open and transparent communication with creditors throughout the pre-pack administration process. They provide regular updates on the progress of the sale and explain the rationale behind the decisions made.
  9. Distributing Proceeds: IPs oversee the distribution of the proceeds from the sale to creditors in accordance with UK insolvency laws. They ensure that secured creditors receive priority, followed by preferential and then unsecured creditors.
  10. Adhering to Legal and Ethical Standards: IPs strictly adhere to the legal and ethical requirements governing pre-pack administration. They maintain transparency and act in the best interests of all stakeholders, including creditors, employees, and the company itself.

What’s the Regulation around Pre-Packs?

Regulation around pre-pack administrations in the UK primarily falls under the Insolvency Act 1986 and its subsequent amendments. This legislation provides the foundational legal framework for pre-pack administrations, outlining the process and the responsibilities of insolvency practitioners.

Additionally, a crucial guideline specific to pre-packs is the Statement of Insolvency Practice 16 (SIP 16). SIP 16 is designed to ensure transparency and fairness in pre-pack sales, particularly focusing on the role and conduct of insolvency practitioners. It mandates detailed disclosure and reporting requirements to safeguard the interests of creditors and maintain public confidence in the process.

What is a Pre-Pack Pool?

The Pre-Pack Pool is an independent group that helps to make sure that pre-pack sales to connected parties are fair and transparent. They do this by reviewing the sale and making sure that the connected party is financially stable, that the sale price is fair, and that the sale was done in a way that was open and competitive. This helps to protect the interests of creditors and other stakeholders.

Qualifying Evaluator’s Report: Ensuring Fair Pre-Pack Sales

A Qualifying Evaluator acts as an impartial assessor, carefully examining the proposed pre-pack sale to a connected party. This evaluation entails a thorough review of various factors, including:

  • Financial Viability of the Connected Party: The evaluator assesses the financial strength and capabilities of the connected party to confirm their ability to effectively manage the acquired business.
  • Valuation Methodology: The evaluator scrutinizes the valuation methodology employed to determine whether the proposed sale price accurately reflects the fair market value of the assets or business being sold.
  • Transparency and Fairness of the Sale Process: The evaluator examines the overall sale process to ensure it was conducted in a transparent and competitive manner, free from any conflicts of interest.